Shankar-Jaikishan: Indian music director duo
Full Name: Shankar (Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi), Jaikishan (Jaikishan Dayabhai Paanchal)
Date of Birth: Shankar (October 15, 1922), Jaikishan (November 4, 1932)
Birth Place: Shankar (Punjab), Jaikishan (Basanda, Gujrat)
Shankar-Jaikishan was one of the successful music composer duos of Indian film industry. The duo started their career in 1948 and continued successfully till 1970. They ruled the Indian film industry for two decades. They made their debut with Raj Kapoor's Barsaat in 1949. The duo has record of winning maximum of nine Filmfare Awards as Best Music Director. They were also the highest paid music composers of their time.
Shankarsingh Raghuwanshi was born in 1922 in Punjab, while Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal was born in 1932 in Panchal, Gujarat. Shankar later moved to Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh and settled there. In his childhood, Shankar was very passionate about tabla, while Jaikishan had the passion for singing and harmonium. Throughout their career they stick to their favorite instrument: tabla and harmonium. Both of then were never interested in studies. Shankar took his basic lessons in music from Baba Nasir Khansahib. However, Jaikishan learnt music from Sangeet Visharad Wadilalji first and later learnt classical music from Prem Shankar Nayak. While after moving to Mumbai, he took training from Vinayak Tambe.
Before started working together as music directors, Jaikishan was working as a carpenter. In their early career, Shankar joined a theatre which was owned by Satyanarayan and Hemawati. Later he joined Prithvi Theatres, where he worked as tabla player. However when Jaikishan was searching for a job, Shankar approached him to Prithvi Theaters as a harmonium player. The also had worked as assistants to famous musical duo Husnlal-Bhagatram.
Shankar-Jaikishan together made their debut as music directors with Raj Kapoor's film Barsaat in 1949. With their very first film, they gave hit numbers like 'Jiya Bekaraar Hai' and 'Barsaat Mein Hamse Milein Tum'. Followed by it, Shankar-Jaikishan and R.K. productions together had given many musical hit films like Aah, Shri 420, Aawara, Mera Naam Jokar, Jis Desh Me Ganga Behti Hai, Anari, Teesri Kasam and Sangam.
Shankar-Jaikishan also formed a good rapport with lyricists Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri. Also Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri made their debut with Shankar-Jaikishan in Barsaat (1949). S-J worked with them till the end. Although, Shankar-Jaikishan was working together as a team, they used to compose songs independently. They compose their songs independently, but they used to come together at the time of recording. Shankar liked to compose serious songs along with Shailendra, while Jaikishan was inclined to work on light songs along with Hasrat Jaipuri.
Their other major hit films includes Daag (1952), Boot Polish (1954), Badshah (1954), Chori Chori (1956), Kath Putli (1957), Yahudi (1958), Chhoti Bahen (1959), Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai (1960), Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja (1961), Asli Naqli (1962), Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai (1961), Professor (1962), Suraj (1966), Brahmchari (1968), Pehchan (1970), Be-Imaan (1972), An Evening in Paris (1967), Love in Tokyo (1966), Arzoo (1965) and many more.
The successful team of four gets disintegrated with the death of Shailendra in 1966. The remaining three members kept on working together, but it didn't match their previous work. Also on 12th September 1971, Jaikishan also left the world. Followed by it Shankar continued giving music under the S-J label, but failed to create the magic like previously. However, Shankarji also passed by on 26th April 1987. But although they are not present, their music is still entertaining the music lovers.