Nivanani Debi was born on 1896 (Bengali: Fagun 20, 1303). Her father’s name was Jatindranath Bandopadhay and mother was Brojorani Debi. Though she was born in a very poor family, her maternal uncles were well off. She was brought up in maternal uncle’s family. Her father died when she was fifteen and her mother passed away when she was only nine. After her mother’s death she was brought up by famous actress Chunibala Debi.
When she six Chunibala brought her to stage director Ardhendu Sekhar Mustafi. Under his direction she appeared in a small role in a drama “Samaj”. When she was twelve she came to National Theatre with Chunibala Debi. Here she acted and danced in many theatre shows. While she was in National Theatre she was married to Hemandra Nath Roy Chowdhury. She left acting after her marriage, but again came back on request of Aparesh Chandra Mukhopadhay and Probodh Guha and joined Star Theatre. Her debut in silent movie was in film “Shankaracharya”. Then she acted in silent movies of Madan Company like, “Bish Brikhya”, “Nisiddha Fal”, “Prahalad Charitra” etc. The first talkie film produced by Culcutta was “Iranerani”. Nivanani’s first talkie film was that and she acted in the role of ‘Rani’. Then she acted Premankar Atarthi’s “Dena Paona” and “Kapal Kundala”. She acted along with Chunibala Devi in Satyajit Ray’s “Pather Panchali”. She acted in more than 300 films. Her last film was “Rater Rajanigandha”. She died in December 22nd, 1978.